Managing the Entrepreneurial University Legal Issues and Commercial Realities pdf

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Managing the Entrepreneurial University Legal Issues and Commercial Realities by J. Douglas Toma pdf download

Managing the Entrepreneurial University Legal Issues and Commercial Realities by J. Douglas Toma pdf download. American higher education has increasingly become a commodity, its environment marked by intense competition and rhetoric associated with markets and efficiency, and its purposes have increasingly become connected more with individual gain than societal good.

Managing the Entrepreneurial University Legal Issues and Commercial Realities by J. Douglas Toma pdf download

In the interest of generating more resources, institutions across types have defined “getting to the next level” as their primary aspiration, pursuing a rather generic set of strategies toward rising in the reputational rankings (O’Meara, 2007; Toma, 2010a). Institutions tend to approach positioning similarly despite the significant stratification in available resources and similar disparities otherwise between and among them.

Managing the Entrepreneurial University Legal Issues and Commercial Realities by J. Douglas Toma pdf download

The perception across higher education is that prestige is linked with resources because the wealthiest institutions head the rankings, whether annually in U.S. News and World Report directed toward popular audiences or the decennial National Research Council tables that rate various graduate programs (Ehrenberg, 2003; Meredith, 2004). The most direct means to increase an institution’s ranking is through enrolling more accomplished students, raising variables such as average standardized test scores, with institutions willing to discount tuition to attract them (Golden, 2007; McPherson and Shapiro, 1998; Schmidt, 2007). Research universities can also gain prestige through building endowments and developing funded research. The former enables them to fund scholarships, construct facilities, and endow professorships, which all advance strategic ends.

Managing the Entrepreneurial University Legal Issues and Commercial Realities by J. Douglas Toma pdf download

Managing the Entrepreneurial University Legal Issues and Commercial Realities by J. Douglas Toma pdf download

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