Improving Disaster Management by NRC pdf free download

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Improving Disaster Management by NRC pdf free download

Improving Disaster Management by NRC pdf free download. To improve how information technology is used in disaster management, Section 214 of the E-Government Act of 2002 called on the administrator of the Office of Electronic Government in the Office of Management and Budget, in consultation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), to “ensure that a study is conducted on using information technology to enhance crisis preparedness, response, and consequence management of natural and manmade disasters” (see Box P.1).

Improving Disaster Management by NRC pdf free download

In early 2005, in response to a request from FEMA to the National Research Council (NRC), via a contract with Battelle Memorial Institute, the Committee on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management was established under the auspices of the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board to study these issues. The committee’s first report, Summary of a Workshop on Using Information Technology to Enhance Disaster Management, 1 summarized the discussions at a public workshop held on June 22-23, 2005.

Improving Disaster Management by NRC pdf free download

Representatives of federal, state, and local government agencies; private industry; and the research community participated in the workshop. Over the next year the committee met four times and made several site visits to gather input from federal agencies; state and local public safety officials and emergency management practitioners; experts in disaster management; information technology researchers; and hardware and software vendors.

Improving Disaster Management by NRC pdf free download

In preparing this, its final report, the committee also drew on perspectives and information gleaned from professional conferences, the technical literature, and government reports. Chapter 1 briefly characterizes disaster management, placing the use of information and communication technology in the broader human and organizational context and providing a framework for considering the range and nature of information and communication needs. Chapter 2 presents the committee’s vision of the potential for information and communication technology to improve disaster management.

Improving Disaster Management by NRC pdf free download

Chapter 3 focuses on structural, organizational, and other non-technical barriers to the acquisition, adoption, and effective use
of IT in disaster management. Chapter 4 provides an initial outline of the elements of a research program aimed at strengthening IT-enabled capabilities for disaster management. During the development of this report, Hurricane Katrina struck the U.S. Gulf Coast. In the days following the hurricane’s landfall, damage to the communications infrastructure, together with a host of other communications and information concerns, was cited by decision makers and reported on in the press as among the major challenges facing those involved in response and recovery efforts.

Improving Disaster Management by NRC pdf free download

The tragic events that occurred in Katrina’s wake have, of course, served to underscore the importance of disaster management; they have also highlighted the role of information technology in disaster management, the interplay between technical and organizational considerations, and the contributions that research and development in these areas could make to future disaster management activities. However, although a number of the inputs focused on Katrina, the committee’s charge, its deliberations, and this report encompass disasters in all (natural and human-made) forms and in all phases, from mitigation and preparedness to response and recovery.

Improving Disaster Management by NRC pdf free download

Improving Disaster Management by NRC pdf free download

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