A Brief History of Saudi Arabia by James Wynbrandt pdf free download

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A Brief History of Saudi Arabia by James Wynbrandt pdf free download

A Brief History of Saudi Arabia by James Wynbrandt pdf free download. Before 9/11, to many Americans Saudi Arabia was a distant, alien
place shrouded in mystery. Beyond anecdotes and stereotypes, little was known about either the complexity of Saudi culture and society
or its polity. Two encounters shaped Americans’ perceptions of the Arabian kingdom. The early 1970s oil embargo unraveled Americans’
sense of economic invincibility and left its negative imprint on how they viewed this small country that exercised power over their economy and affected their quality of life.

A Brief History of Saudi Arabia by James Wynbrandt pdf free download

Also important was the 1991 Gulf War, which brought hundreds of thousands of U.S. troops into Saudi Arabia, giving Americans a glimpse of life in a different, closed society. In the Western imagination, the Arabian kingdom became synonymous with oil monopoly; decadent, wealthy princes whose tales and adventures captivated tabloid readers; and veiled, hapless women, forbidden to drive, let alone travel, on their own. An exotic portrait of Saudi Arabia, partly real and partly surreal, prevailed. But on the whole, Saudi Arabia was not on the radar screen of most Americans, who seemed to show no intellectual interest in discovering either the secrets of this distant land or its impact on their checkbooks.

A Brief History of Saudi Arabia by James Wynbrandt pdf free download

This changed with the events of 9/11. The ruling royal family found itself in a very unenviable position on the morning after the events. The fact that 15 of the 19 hijackers involved were from Saudi Arabia—and that some financing and planning for the attacks allegedly occurred on Saudi soil—brought outrage and recrimination against the conservative kingdom by U.S. opinion makers and serious accusations about its alleged role in financing militancy and terrorism. Critics of the royal family accused the kingdom of financing and harboring terrorists and advocated a dramatic shift in U.S. foreign policy toward it.

A Brief History of Saudi Arabia by James Wynbrandt pdf free download

Some analysts and commentators went further and called for the toppling of the royal family and its replacement with a friendlier regime. In the eyes of many Americans, Saudi Arabia was swiftly transformed from an “ambivalent ally” to an “enemy.” No concrete, solid evidence was produced regarding the kingdom’s support of terrorists, but the Saudi establishment’s strategy of using religion as a legitimizing device and its channeling of hundreds of millions of U.S. dollars to various Islamic movements proved to be damning in the eyes of many Americans.

A Brief History of Saudi Arabia by James Wynbrandt pdf free download

A Brief History of Saudi Arabia by James Wynbrandt pdf free download


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