Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident pdf

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Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident by National Research Council pdf

Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident by National Research Council pdf free download.
This report responds to the congressional mandate of Public Law 107-188, Section 127. To satisfy the requirement of this law, the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) asked the National Research Council to assess strategies for the distribution and administration of potassium iodide (KI) in the event of a nuclear incident, taking into account projected benefits and harms and the
populations that should be included in such a program, and to recommend studies that will improve the base of knowledge on which
to make related public-health decisions.

Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident by National Research Council pdf

The Research Council’s Board on Radiation Effects Research assembled a committee of experts representing an array of relevant disciplines to address the issues related to the distribution of KI. The committee was asked to consider the issues and make recommendations on the basis of scientific knowledge and principles. The task set before the committee is described in the following scope of work.

Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident by National Research Council pdf

On the basis of its assessment, the committee was to make recommendations to the President of the United States and Congress within 9 months after the start of the study regarding 2 DISTRIBUTION AND ADMINISTRATION OF KI (a) the projected benefits and harms of a KI distribution program as part of a nuclear incident preparedness program;
(b) the most effective and safe way to distribute and administer KI on a mass scale to prevent radiation effects;
(c) the populations that should be included in the KI distribution program;
(d) the appropriate roles for local, state and federal agencies related to KI distribution in such a preparedness program;
and
(e) any additional issues that need to be researched, resolved, or addressed.

Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident by National Research Council pdf

To understand the context of the statement of task presented above, the committee believed that it was important to provide background information on the effects of radioactive iodine and KI on the thyroid gland and to explore various options for using KI to protect the thyroid. In this report, we describe the benefits of and risks posed by KI administration to different population groups and focus particularly on protecting children, the most vulnerable group (tasks a and c); identify alternatives for KI distribution that have been
chosen to be best in different parts of the United States and in other countries and recommend a procedure for a local area to evaluate
different distribution plans on the basis of site-specific characteristics (task b) and current roles played by local, state, and federal agencies regarding KI distribution (task d); make some recommendations regarding the level at which decisions should be made (state and local level), programs should be funded (federal level), and supplemental stockpiles should be maintained and adequate KI supply (in suitable dosages) ensured (federal level); and identify additional issues that need to be researched or addressed (task e).

Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident by National Research Council pdf

Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident by National Research Council pdf


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