Beyond Regionalism Regional Cooperation Regionalism and Regionalization in the Middle East pdf

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Beyond Regionalism Regional Cooperation Regionalism and Regionalization in the Middle East by Cilja Harders and Matteo Legrenzi pdf free download

Beyond Regionalism Regional Cooperation Regionalism and Regionalization in the Middle East by Cilja Harders and Matteo Legrenzi pdf free download. As a policy practitioner in the Middle East for more than 30 years, I haverepeatedly experienced first-hand the frustration and failure of attempts by regional organizations, whether by their own initiatives or outside urgings, to translate policies into cooperative programs. The record is indeed abysmal.

Beyond Regionalism Regional Cooperation Regionalism and Regionalization in the Middle East by Cilja Harders and Matteo Legrenzi pdf

It is therefore easy for any observer to conclude that there is scant hope that shared interests and concerns of various groupings of countries will in the future find firm ground for articulation and action within a regional context. That said, I for one do see an intersection of recent developments, coupled with the inescapable forces of the regionalized/globalized information, capital and labor markets, as driving countries to look more to regional cooperation to shape policies and programs. Let me explain.

Beyond Regionalism Regional Cooperation Regionalism and Regionalization in the Middle East by Cilja Harders and Matteo Legrenzi pdf

To begin with, the historic policies of key foreign actors in the region, especially the United States and European countries, while ostensibly touting regionalism and regional cooperation, were in fact largely bilaterally based, while in many cases specifically designed to counter the goals of their fellow competitors. US unilateralism needs no explanation, but I have found equally divisive the competition of the previous colonial powers in the region (the UK and France), and the aggressive bilaterally-focused actions of players on the economic scene, notably Germany, Italy and Spain.

Beyond Regionalism Regional Cooperation Regionalism and Regionalization in the Middle East by Cilja Harders and Matteo Legrenzi pdf

Those policies are changing as the US is now moving, and moving swiftly, toward a more multilateral approach to the region, while the EU, long searching for a role, has recently found such roles in the strategic, economic and political development arenas. The changing face of threats in the region is also playing a strong role in pushing countries to seek more regional cooperation. The recent rise of Iran, after appearing for many years to be receding into the background after the regional jolt caused by the Khomeini revolution in 1979, has joined terrorism, Lebanon, Palestine, homegrown extremism, and economic and social tensions on the agenda of key issues that must be addressed. Regional cooperation not only presents opportunities for political cover for policies difficult to articulate bilaterally, but also as a means to influence outside events.

Beyond Regionalism Regional Cooperation Regionalism and Regionalization in the Middle East by Cilja Harders and Matteo Legrenzi pdf

Beyond Regionalism Regional Cooperation Regionalism and Regionalization in the Middle East by Cilja Harders and Matteo Legrenzi pdf


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